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1988 Presidential Election

George H.W. Bush vs Michael Dukakis (November 8th, 1988)

Following the reign of Ronald Reagan, the Republicans easily maintained control for another four years in Bush's defeat of rival Dukakis.
Winner's ribbon image graphic
Photograph of George H.W. Bush
George H.W. Bush (TX)

Occupation: Politics
Running Mate: Dan Quayle
Carried Home State (Texas): Yes
Incumbent Status: No
Electoral Votes (270 needed to win)
40 of 50 states carried (80%)

Popular Vote (53.9%)
Electoral Votes (270 needed to win)
10 of 50 states carried (20%)

Popular Vote (46.1%)
Winner's ribbon image graphic
Photograph of Michael Dukakis
Michael Dukakis (MA)

Occupation: Politics
Running Mate: Lloyd Bentsen
Carried Home State (Massachusetts): Yes
Incumbent Status: No


Alabama (9)
Alaska (3)
Arizona (7)
Arkansas (6)
California (47)
Colorado (8)
Connecticut (8)
Delaware (3)
Florida (21)
Georgia (12)
Hawaii (4)
Idaho (4)
Illinois (24)
Indiana (12)
Iowa (8)
Kansas (7)
Kentucky (9)
Louisiana (10)
Maine (0)*
Maine (4)*
Maryland (10)
Massachusetts (13)
Michigan (20)
Minnesota (10)
Mississippi (7)
Missouri (11)
Montana (4)
Nebraska (5)*
Nebraska (0)*
Nevada (4)
New Hampshire (4)
New Jersey (16)
New Mexico (5)
New York (36)
North Carolina (13)
North Dakota (3)
Ohio (23)
Oklahoma (8)
Oregon (7)
Pennsylvania (25)
Rhode Island (4)
South Carolina (8)
South Dakota (3)
Tennessee (11)
Texas (29)
Utah (5)
Vermont (3)
Virginia (12)
Washington (10)
West Virginia (5)
Wisconsin (11)
Wyoming (3)
Dictrict of Colombia (3)

* Maine and Nebraska are the only two states that do not follow the 'winner-take-all' rule regarding their Electoral Votes per candidate. This allows for a more proportional division of the claimed Electoral Votes. States with a historically high number of Electoral Votes are shown in YELLOW. These are typically 'power states' needed by both sides to claim a clear victory. While these usually vote consistently along a party line, some have been shown to be 'swing states' with changing support from term-to-term.

The 1988 election marked the last time the Republicans carried the state of California. The election resulted in a crushing defeat for the Democrats as the Republican Party claimed 48,886,597 Popular Votes to go along with 426 Electoral College votes.

A single Electoral College vote was attributed to the Bentsen/Dukakis ticket by a West Virginia 'Faithless Elector'.
NORTHEAST - 113 (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont)
MIDWEST - 137 (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin)
WEST - 111 (Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming)
SOUTH - 173 (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
SPECIAL - 3 (District of Colombia)